1. What is the difference between the liberty of the ancients and the liberty of the moderns? What would moderns find lacking in ancient liberty? The modern idea of liberty is based mainly on the right of the individual. Every individual can make choices for themselves and on their own terms. The ancients had a different idea of liberty, rather than individual rights, the city had rights. The city made choices and acted on behalf of its citizens. Many of the ancients were devoted to their cities, as if their city was a parent to them. This is dramatically different from what we see today.
Modern individuals would find several things lacking in ancient liberty. The main point they would find lacking is that individual rights were ignored. the cities were smaller, however they were deprived of freedom of speech, and freedom of religion, and many other rights that most modern day people associate with the idea of liberty.
2. Based on the Principal Doctrines, explain the basic ideas of Epicureanism.
The Epicureans were a group of philosophy founded by the Greek philosopher Epicurus. These people sought after things in life that would give them lasting pleasure, and ultimate purpose. They did not engage in gluttonous behaviors, that would give them pains the next day, they searched and engaged in the things that would bring them life-long pleasure. The invested themselves in friendships, expansion of knowledge and sober-reasoning, things that would give them long-term fulfillment.
They believed that the universe was pointless and that there were no gods, and if there were, they didn’t care. They believed that the universe was entirely material, and that there was no immaterial realm. They did however, believe in free will and common sense.